Have you ever wondered what exactly your child needs to know before kindergarten?
Here is a list based upon a Preschool Inventory given to children at the very end of our local Pre-Kindergarten program. I was looking through my old student-teaching notebook and came across this list (granted, it is six years old). It was used as both a guiding document as well as an assessment at the end of the year.
I did not come up with this list.
Please keep in mind as you look over this list that kids learn best with hands-on experiences, not memorization or drill practice! These early years with our children should be about fostering a love to play, explore, and learn! Also, it is important to note that our children are all different and gifted in unique ways. Obviously, if your child has special needs, exceptionalities, or is delayed in a particular area, this won’t necessarily be relevant to your child. This is simply a guide…not something to stress about! Finally, all areas of development are of equal importance to young children! Gross motor and social development tasks are just as important as cognitive and pre-reading tasks at this age.
Have fun learning together through games and various experiences while still encouraging your child’s natural creativity!
Personal and Social Development
Approach to learning
Shows eagerness and curiosity as a learner
Persists in task and seeks help when encountering a problem
Is generally pleasant and cooperative
Follows rules and routines
Manages transitions (going from one activity to the next)
Demonstrates normal activity level
Interactions with Others
Interacts easily with one or more children
Interacts easily with familiar adults
Participates in group activities
Plays well with others
Takes turns and shares
Cleans up after play
Seeks adult help when needed to resolve conflicts
Uses words to resolve conflicts
Language and Literacy
Listens with understanding to directions and conversations
Follows one-step directions
Follows two-step directions
Speaks clearly enough to be understood without contextual clues
Relates experiences with some understanding of sequences of events
Literature and Reading
Listens with interest to stories read aloud
Shows interest in reading-related activities
Retells information from a story
Sequences three pictures to tell a logical story
Uses pictures to communicate ideas
Uses scribbles, shapes, and letter-like symbols to write words or ideas
Matches upper-case letters
Matches lower-case letters
Identifies upper-case letters
Identifies lower-case letters
Patterns and Relationships
Sorts by color, shape, and size
Orders or seriates several objects on the basis of one attribute
Recognizes simple patterns and duplicates them
Number concept and operations
Rote counts to 20
Counts objects with meaning to 10
Identifies by naming, numerals 0-10
Geometry and spatial relations
Identifies 4 shapes- circle, square, rectangle, triangle
Demonstrates concepts of positional/directional concepts (up/down, over/under, in/out, behind/in front of, beside/between, top/bottom, inside/outside, above/below, high/low, right/left, off/on, first/last, far/near, go/stop).
Shows understanding of and uses comparative words (big/little, large/small, short/long, tall/short, slow/fast, few/many, empty/full, less/more.
Pedals and steers a tricycle
Jumps in place, landing on two feet
Jumps consecutively- 7 jumps
Balances on one foot for 5 seconds
Hops on one foot 2-3 hops
Hops on one foot- 6 ft.
Throws a ball with direction- 5 ft.
Catches a thrown ball with arms and body
Climbs a playground ladder
Skips smoothly for 20 feet
Stacks 10, one-inch blocks
Strings 4 1/2″ beads in two minutes
Completes a seven piece interlocking puzzle
Makes a pancake, snake, and ball from playdough
Grasps pencil correctly
Copies: vertical line, horizontal line, circle, cross, square, V, triangle
Copies first name
Prints first name without a model
Grasps scissors correctly
Cuts within 1/4″ of a 6″ straight line on construction paper
Cuts out a 3″ square on construction paper
Cuts out a 3″ triangle on construction paper
Cuts out a 3″ circle on construction paper
Uses a glue stick appropriately
Uses appropriate amount of glue for tasks
Identifies 10 colors: red, yellow, blue, green, orange, purple, black, white, brown, pink
Uses a variety of art materials for tactile experience and exploration
Participates in group music experiences
Participates in creative movement/dance
Makes believe with objects
Takes on pretend roles and situations
Parents, if you’re looking for some suggestions on things you can do to prepare your child for Kindergarten, check out 33 Ways to Prepare Your Child for Kindergarten. You can download and print a list with simple, easy activities that will help to ensure your child is ready!